In January 2009, the first project for Cyprus started with funding from the LIFE + Environment program, after its accession to the EU. The project was based on an initiative of Green Dot Cyprus which also established the relevant project team. The Ministry of Interior was appointed managing partner of the project and the duration of the project was 24 months.
The project team included, in addition to the Ministry of Interior, from abroad the corresponding Green Dot Cyprus organizations in France, Greece and Malta, while from Cyprus the Green Dot Cyprus, the University of Cyprus (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering) and the consulting company Nicolaides and Associates.
The islands present specific characteristics and additional challenges compared to other Member States in the implementation of environmental legislation, which affect the cost and efficiency of solid waste management schemes. Particularly small islands are characterized by small population size and area while the limited volume of waste makes the implementation of recycling schemes economically unprofitable. Recycling is based almost entirely on exports which, in addition to their significant costs, are also a significant burden on the environment. Islands Member States such as Cyprus and Malta require a larger share of financial and human resources to develop basic recycling infrastructure than the rest of Mainland Europe.
The LIFE + REPT program aimed to study these characteristics, while optimal economic and environmental solutions for recycling on the islands were identified. The program aimed, among other things, at developing a decision support tool, which would allow the calculation of the environmental benefit as well as the financial cost of alternative management schemes. This tool was intended for packaging waste (paper, glass, plastic, metal) and specific categories of waste electrical / electronic equipment (refrigeration and air conditioners, CRT monitors and fluorescent lamps) and could be applied to a number of islands with different characteristics.
At the same time, the project developed an electronic tool to assist in decision-making regarding the implementation of recycling projects for such materials on the islands.
More information can be found on the program website at www.eng.ucy.ac.cy/rept.