Local Authorities and Results
The Local Authorities have, under Legislation which governs their establishment and operation, the competency for the recovery, transport and disposal of solid urban waste, which is carried out under the provisions of the Solid and Hazardous Waste Law. They also have general competency for the activities which take place within their Administrative area.
The operation, therefore, of a comprehensive network for the recovery of packaging by the administrative area of Local Authorities needs to be developed in order to achieve the targets provided for by legislation. A necessary prerequisite for the successful operation of such a system is the close cooperation of the System with Local Authorities both for the technical planning and the functioning of the projects, as well as for informing the public about the value of recycling and on how citizens can participate in the recycling programme in their area.
The successful cooperation which has developed with Local Authorities all these past years is evident from the results of recycling within their Administrative boundaries.
Press here to learn about the results of recycling in Municipalities and Communities with which Green Dot Cyprus cooperates.
Manner of operation of the System within the boundaries of a Local Authority
For the recovery of household packaging, the System operates in cooperation with the Local Authorities programmes for sorting at the source, sorting in special facilities and final use of the packaging material with recycling or recovery of energy which today cover 80% of the population.
For the recovery of commercial/industrial packaging, the System functions in support of the existing industry of material recycling through intelligent financial rewards which aim at activating the free market and thus increasing the quantities of these packaging which are recovered and made use of.
In September 2006 work for the recovery and recycling of commercial and Industrial Packaging had begun.
In February 2007 the first projects for recovery and recycling of household packaging of the System begun in 5 Municipalities. The Municipalities of Strovolos in Nicosia and the Municipalities of Yermasoyia, Mesa Yitonia, Ayios Athanassios and Kato Polemidia in Limassol. Within a series of expansions, the programme today covers 28 Municipalities and about 51 Communities in all districts.
How the System Operates – Household Packaging
The System provides for the separation of household packaging in the homes into the following categories:
Glass Category (bottles, jars and other glass containers). The glass category is carried by the citizens to special bell-shaped collection bins situated at easily accessible to the public points. From these points the glass packaging is collected with special vehicles equipped with a small crane by the System’s sub-contractor when the bins are filled to at least 70% of their capacity. (see photos)
Paper Category (cartons and paper boxes, newspapers, magazines, office paper). The paper category is collected either from homes by a waste collection vehicle, once a week by a sub-contractor of the System or from recycling points. (see related photos)
The PMD Category (plastic bottles and containers, metal containers of aluminum or tin and paper beverage containers of the tetrapack type). The PMD category is collected either from houses with a waste collection vehicle once a week by a sub-contractor of the system or from recycling (PMD Category) points. (see related photos)
- Remaining rubbish (food, etc). These are collected as usual by the Local Authority with its own services.
The categories of paper and glass are handed over to recyclers directly to be sent on for recycling. On the other hand, the PMD category is transferred to special sorting facilities where it is separated into the various sub-categories and then sent on to recyclers. Two sorting facilities are currently operating, one in Nicosia (Latsia Industrial Area) and one in Limassol (near the Moni Cement Works) which serve the System and belong to contractors of the System.
The strategic choice of the System to implement a specific way of collecting packaging which is based mainly on a curbside collection from homes but also from recycling points, creates the need for the closest possible cooperation of the System with the Local Authorities. We believe that the greater part of the success of the System depends on this cooperation and the support that the System receives from the Local Authorities.
An additional element of the System, which necessitates good cooperation and understanding with local authorities, is the choice of the System to select target material not only in the strict sense of packaging but also in combination with various types of paper for a better environmental result. The choice requires the joint-funding of the cost of managing the flow of paper by the System together with the local authorities as the System does not receive funding from any source for the paper which is not packaging (newspapers, magazines, office paper, advertising pamphlets, etc). The manner of co-funding is agreed by the System and the Local Authorities or the Union of Municipalities and the Union of Communities which represent the Local Authorities.
The cooperation of the System with the Local Authorities is described and specified through a special agreement which is drafted and signed with each Local Authority with which the System cooperates.
Benefit/Cost for the Local Authorities from its cooperation with the System
Local Authorities benefit from their cooperation with the System in various ways, among which the ones below:
- Reduction of the cost of collection and transfer of waste, as a large part of it (packaging) is collected and transferred with the funding of the System. It is important that with the passage of time, this benefit will be magnified with the improvement of public participation in the sorting at the source and the consequent increase in the quantities which the System manages (packaging being 50% of the volume and 30% of the weight of produced waste).
- Reduction of the cost of dumping waste (landfill fee), as a large part of it is transferred by the System elsewhere for treatment. It is important to note that when the new Areas of Sanitary Burial of Waste operate in Nicosia and Limassol the cost of dumping will be dramatically bigger than it is currently.
- Environmental informing of the public and gradual development of environmental conscience in citizens which is beneficial for many other issues that are also important to the Local Authorities.
- Improvement of the image of the Local Authority among its residents.
- Improvement of the image of the Local Authority among the wider society in general.
- Creation of new jobs in the area.
- Social participation which can be used in the future also for other programmes.
- Improvement of the residents’ quality of life.
- Development of the Local Authorities in a sector where they lagged behind in comparison with other European countries.
- Gaining of valuable experience by the Local Authority in a new sector within a very well-organised initiative.
Offsetting the above benefits the Law provides that the Local Authorities should have a reasonable participation in the expenditure of the System which should reflect at least their direct financial benefit. On the basis of this provision and within the positive approach of the Local Authorities for financial participation in this initiative which contributes to the wider society, its proposals were formed for the co-funding of projects referred to previously.
Main Points of the Agreement of the System with the Local Authorities
Information given below concerns the basic parameters which are included in the Agreements which the System signs with the Local Authorities with which it cooperates.
The Aim of Green Dot Cyprus
- Reference to the European Parliament and to the EU Council’s Directive 94/62 of 20th December 1994 and to the Packaging and Packaging Waste Law of 12th April 2002 and the Regulations based on this Law.
- Green Dot Cyprus and the local authorities sign a contract for cooperation aiming at, dealing with the selective recovery, and if judged necessary (e.g. PMD flow), the sorting of household packaging waste, recovery is based on the framework of an optimum scenario of recovery prepared by Green Dot Cyprus and described in the contract or its annexes.
- Overseeing and ensuring the correct efficiency of the activities described (including administration).
- To cooperate with the aim of increasing public environmental awareness.
- Effort to improve activities in order to restrict the cost to consumers.
- To consider material delivered to recyclers and to the Material Recycling Unit the property of Green Dot Cyprus.
Rights and Responsibilities of contracted parties
- Payment: Green Dot Cyprus will pay the Local Authority, or the sub-contractor the amount corresponding to the cost of selective recovery of household packaging waste. The Local Authority in exchange will carry out its set duties with precision and diligence, or will help in the overseeing of the corresponding sub-contractor,
- The role of the Local Authority in the auditing of invoices and in the transmission of information to sub-contractors,
- Specific rules (payment and pricing) for the part of the flow of paper/carton which is not packaging,
- The organizing of a joint Control Committee to oversee and evaluate the operational procedures,
- Both parties in the contract have the responsibility to carry out the necessary checks to ensure the full fulfillment of their and of the sub-contractors’ obligations within the framework of the Agreement.
- Both parties in the contract undertake the responsibility to have sufficient insurance coverage as concerns their civil responsibility for losses that may occur through their activities (responsibility may also burden sub-contractors through their contracts),
- With a correct and organized communication policy, both parties in the contract will urge the residents of Local Authorities to correctly separate their packaging waste,
- It is the duty of both parties in the contract to provide each other with any necessary information in achieving all their legal obligations.
Rights and obligations of Green Dot Cyprus
- Rules that concern the choosing of recyclers: How the recyclers are chosen (invitation to tender), what standards will be set, how the funding is made (who receives possible income, who pays possible expenditure for recycling etc.)
Rights and responsibilities of Local Authority
- Rules for sub-contractors.
- The Local Authority undertakes, if it desires and under commercial terms, the recovery of household packaging waste in accordance with the set recovery plan.
- Ensuring that schools, organizations, small businesses, etc, cannot be excluded from the selected collection.
- The role of the Local Authority in the control and verification of data deriving from the collectors.
- The duty of the Local Authority in instituting local regulations that impose if possible on the residents the participation in the sorting of material at source and to prohibit them from including other waste than those described in the contracts for the flow of packaging.
- Duration of the agreement: 6 years as is also the licensing of the System.
Rules for the premature termination of contract:
- What will happen in the case that Green Dot Cyprus loses its license?
- What will happen in the case where the other party in the contract does not abide by its obligations under the contract?
- What are the consequences of termination.
- Discretion, confidentiality of information
- Intellectual property
- Higher force
- Implementable law
- Body of Compromise: in the event of dispute between the contractual parties that concerns the validity, interpretation and execution of the contract
- Competent court
- Amendments and additions: How to validate them
- Waste covered by the recovery and recycling System of Green Dot Cyprus: glass, paper and packaging cardboard, plastic bottles and containers, metal packaging and beverage paper containers.
- Terms of Funding for collection.
- The involvement of Green Dot Cyprus in the expenditure of various activities (raising of environmental awareness, schools, etc.).
- Pricing rules.